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In English, you can suffix a word with "-er" to indicate increasing intensity, like "loud"->"louder". It's really an intensity vector, but the direction is based on the root word, e.g. "soft"->"softer" indicates less volume, not more. What if there was a suffix that indicated decreasing intensity on its own? E.g. "loud"->"loudes" means "less loud" and "softes" means "less soft" or equal to "louder". Do other languages have this?

@alok99 Yes. It is called the superlative. Most Germanic languages have it. I'm sure other languages do too.

@projectmoon so it looks like superlatives are the group of words that describe the extremes of a scale ("loudest" or "softest"), and superlative case is where an action occurs to a noun. Neither of these are quite what I'm talking about. It looks like what I described is a "comparative adjective" but I am specifically looking for an opposing pair to a comparative adjective, i.e. having less of a quality, not more.

@alok99 Superlative is the extreme, yes. Comparative is the name of the graded words, e.g "better.ʻ

@projectmoon right, but there's only one direction of comparative adjectives, at least in English; what I'm asking is if bidirectional comparative adjective suffixes exist in any language. So, my example is, we can increase volume by turning "loud" into "louder", so what if there was a suffix that worked in the opposite direction? Without just switching words to "softer"

@alok99 @projectmoon
German has the 'chen', brot is bread, Brötchen is a roll. Hund is dog, Hündchen a little dog.
It only works on things or people, not on words like loud or big.

@rudolf @alok99 Similar thing in Dutch with the -je suffix. It's also present in romance languages.

@projectmoon @alok99
Does Dutch also have it for words like 'big', making it less big?

@alok99 IDK about "es", it's too close to "est" IMHO. "less" would work if it didn't refer to a complete lack or absence of the root word

@realcaseyrollins good point. Maybe some other consonant that isn't already part of a common suffix? Loudep? I want to make this a thing!

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